Progress in Plant Protection

Cercospora leaf spot of sugar beet (Cercospora beticola Sacc.) Part I. Biology and occurrence
Chwościk buraka cukrowego (Cercospora beticola Sacc.) Część I. Biologia i występowanie

Jacek Piszczek, e-mail: j.piszczek@iorpib.poznan.pl

Instytut Ochrony Roślin – Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Terenowa Stacja Doświadczalna w Toruniu, Pigwowa 16, 87-100 Toruń, Polska

Ewa Moliszewska, e-mail: ewamoli@uni.opole.pl

Uniwersytet Opolski, Wydział Przyrodniczo-Techniczny, Instytut Biotechnologii, Kardynała Kominka 6a, 45-032 Opole, Polska

Adam Sitarski, e-mail: a.sitarski@khbc.pl

Kutnowska Hodowla Buraka Cukrowego Sp. z o.o., Straszków 12, 62-650 Kłodawa, Polska
Streszczenie

Cercospora beticola Sacc. is the most destructive foliar pathogen of sugar beet leaves in many beet growing regions on the world. This paper summarized the most important knowledge about the systematic position, biology and morphology of the pathogen and its hosts. Conditions favoring infection of host plants and the influence of weather conditions on disease development have been described as well. Basic information regarding spread and overwintering of C. beticola under natural conditions is provided. In addition an effects of C. beticola infection on host plants and losses in root and sugar yield resulting from this disease have been described. The presented discussion was based on Polish and worldwide literature.

 

Cercospora beticola Sacc. jest najgroźniejszym patogenem liści buraka cukrowego we wszystkich rejonach uprawy tej rośliny. W niniejszym opracowaniu zebrano najważniejszą wiedzę dotyczącą pozycji systematycznej, biologii, morfologii grzyba oraz jego żywicieli. Opisano warunki, w których dochodzi do infekcji roślin gospodarza oraz wpływ warunków atmosferycznych na rozwój choroby na roślinach. Podano podstawowe informacje na temat rozprzestrzeniania się oraz zimowania C. beticola w warunkach naturalnych. Opisano wpływ na rośliny gospodarza oraz powodowane straty w plonie korzeni i cukru. Całość zagadnienia omówiono w oparciu o polską i światową szeroką bazę literaturową.

Słowa kluczowe
Cercospora beticola; biology; morphology and taxonomy of fungus; infection weather condition; disease harmfulness; biologia; morfologia i taksonomia grzyba; warunki pogodowe infekcji; szkodliwość choroby
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Progress in Plant Protection (2019) : 0-0
Data pierwszej publikacji on-line: 2019-02-06 13:37:18
http://dx.doi.org/10.14199/ppp-2019-002
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