Progress in Plant Protection

Biological activity of Trichoderma spp. in greenhouse and in vitro studies
Biologiczna aktywność Trichoderma spp. w badaniach szklarniowych oraz in vitro

Аltynai Mambaeva, e-mail: altyn71-71@mail.ru

Kazachski Państwowy Uniwersytet Rolniczy, Aleja Abaya 8, 050010 Ałmaty, Kazachstan

Ilona Świerczyńska, e-mail: i.swierczynska@iorpib.poznan.pl

Instytut Ochrony Roślin – Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Władysława Węgorka 20, 60-318 Poznań, Polska

Katarzyna Pieczul, e-mail: k.pieczul@iorpib.poznan.pl

Instytut Ochrony Roślin – Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Władysława Węgorka 20, 60-318 Poznań, Polska

Kenzhali Khidirov, e-mail: kenzhali0569@mail.ru

Kazachski Państwowy Uniwersytet Rolniczy, Aleja Abaya 8, 050010 Ałmaty, Kazachstan

Amankeldy Sadanov, e-mail: a.sadanov@inbox.ru

Instytut Mikrobiologii i Wirusologii, Bogenbaja Batyra 103, 050010 Ałmaty, Kazachstan

Olga Shemshura, e-mail: olgashemshura@mail.ru

Instytut Mikrobiologii i Wirusologii, Bogenbaja Batyra 103, 050010 Ałmaty, Kazachstan

Bożena Łozowicka, e-mail: b.lozowicka@iorpib.poznan.pl

Instytut Ochrony Roślin – Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Terenowa Stacja Doświadczalna w Białymstoku, Chełmońskiego 22, 15-195 Białystok, Polska
Streszczenie

Study of the biological activity of Trichoderma included 4 isolates of T. asperelleum, T. harzianum, T. atroviride and plant pathogens: Fusarium avenaceum, F. culmorum, F. graminearum, F. poae, Oculimacula yallundae and Rhizoctonia cerealis. The cultures were grown as dual culture (pathogen/antagonist) under the laboratory conditions and the linear growth of the fungi was compared in the following days. In the greenhouse experiment, the influence of Trichoderma fungi on the mass of aboveground parts of maize, winter wheat and rapeseed was evaluated. Trichoderma isolates showed significant antagonistic activity to the pathogens tested in in vitro experiment. In both greenhouse tests, the beneficial effect of Trichoderma spp. was found on the mass of aboveground parts of plants in combination with wheat and oilseed rape. The results obtained in combination with maize showed no significant differences.

 

W badaniach biologicznej aktywności grzybów rodzaju Trichoderma wykorzystano 4 izolaty T. asperellum, T. harzianum, T. atroviride oraz patogeny roślinne: Fusarium avenaceum, F. culmorum, F. graminearum, F. poae, Oculimacula yallundae i Rhizoctonia cerealis. W doświadczeniu laboratoryjnym prowadzono hodowlę bikultur (patogen/antagonista), porównując w kolejnych dniach wzrost liniowy grzybów. W części szklarniowej doświadczenia oceniano wpływ grzybów z rodzaju Trichoderma na masę części nadziemnej kukurydzy, pszenicy ozimej oraz rzepaku. W doświadczeniu in vitro izolaty Trichoderma wykazały istotne działanie antagonistyczne w stosunku do badanych patogenów. W obu wariantach testu szklarniowego stwierdzono korzystny wpływ Trichoderma spp. na masę części nadziemnej roślin w kombinacji z pszenicą i rzepakiem. Wyniki uzyskane w kombinacji z kukurydzą nie wykazały istotnych różnic.

Słowa kluczowe
Trichoderma spp.; biological activity; pathogens; antagonist; biologiczna aktywność; patogen; antagonista
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Progress in Plant Protection (2019) : 0-0
Data pierwszej publikacji on-line: 2019-05-10 15:05:43
http://dx.doi.org/10.14199/ppp-2019-013
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