Progress in Plant Protection

Mycoviruses – the potential use in biological plant protection
Mykowirusy – perspektywy wykorzystania w biologicznej ochronie roślin

Marcin Łaskarzewski, e-mail: marcinlaskarzewski@wp.pl

Zachodniopomorski Uniwersytet Technologiczny w Szczecinie, Wydział Nauk o Żywności i Rybactwa, Kazimierza Królewicza 4, 71-550 Szczecin, Polska

Jolanta Kiełpińska, e-mail: jolanta.kielpinska@zut.edu.pl

Zachodniopomorski Uniwersytet technologiczny w Szczecinie, Wydział Nauk o Żywności i Rybactwa, Zakład Gospodarki Rybackiej i Ochrony Wód, Kazimierza Królewicza 4, 71-550 Szczecin, Polska

Kinga Mazurkiewicz-Zapałowicz, e-mail: Kinga.Mazurkiewicz-Zapalowicz@zut.edu.pl

Zachodniopomorski Uniwersytet technologiczny w Szczecinie, Wydział Nauk o Żywności i Rybactwa, Katedra Hydrobiologii, Ichtiologii i Biotechnologii Rozrodu, Kazimierza Królewicza 4, 71-550 Szczecin, Polska
Streszczenie

Biological plant protection is an alternative mean to the chemical pesticides used on a large scale, the use of which carries a great danger for the functioning of living organisms, including humans. Many mycoviruses, which are able to interfere with the host’s phenotypic image, have shown great potential in the control of phytopathogenic fungi. The symptoms are composed of the phenomenon of hypovirulence, i.e. the reduction of fungal pathogenicity in relation to the plant. There are known mycoviruses capable of infecting the most important phytopathogens, including Magnaporthe oryzae, Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium graminearum or Rhizoctonia solani. This is the basis for continuing research to develop effective antifungal agents.

 

Biologiczna ochrona roślin stanowi alternatywę dla wykorzystywanych na masową skalę związków chemicznych, których stosowanie niesie ze sobą duże niebezpieczeństwo dla funkcjonowania organizmów żywych, w tym człowieka. Ogromny potencjał w walce z grzybami fitopatogennymi kryje się w mykowirusach, które są zdolne do ingerowania w obraz fenotypowy gospodarza, ograniczając między innymi tempo wzrostu grzybni, zdolność sporulacji czy wywołując efekt cytolityczny. Powyższe objawy składają się na zjawisko hipowirulencji, czyli obniżenia patogenności grzyba w stosunku do rośliny. Poznane zostały mykowirusy zdolne do infekowania najistotniejszych fitopatogenów, w tym Magnaporthe oryzae, Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium graminearum czy Rhizoctonia solani. Stanowi to podstawę do kontynuacji badań, służących opracowywaniu skutecznych preparatów przeciwgrzybiczych.

Słowa kluczowe
phytopathogenic fungi; mycovirus; biological control of crop; fungal diseases; hypovirulence; grzyby fitopatogenne; mykowirus; biologiczna ochrona roślin; grzybicze choroby roślin; hypowirulencja
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Progress in Plant Protection (2019) : 0-0
Data pierwszej publikacji on-line: 2019-09-16 09:18:08
http://dx.doi.org/10.14199/ppp-2019-023
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