Progress in Plant Protection

Flower strips as rarely used in Poland tool for enhancement of Integrated Pest Management in cultivated fields, and for enlargement of biodiversity in agricultural areas
Kwietne pasy: rzadko stosowane w Polsce narzędzie wzmacniania integrowanej ochrony roślin uprawnych oraz zwiększania różnorodności biologicznej na terenach rolniczych

Krzysztof Kujawa, e-mail: krzysztof.kujawa@isrl.poznan.pl

Instytut Środowiska Rolniczego i Leśnego Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Bukowska 19, 60-809 Poznań, Polska

Zdzisław Bernacki, e-mail: zdzislaw57@gazeta.pl

Instytut Środowiska Rolniczego i Leśnego Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Bukowska 19, 60-809 Poznań, Polska

Ewa Arczyńska-Chudy, e-mail: galinsoga@wp.pl

Instytut Środowiska Rolniczego i Leśnego Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Bukowska 19, 60-809 Poznań, Polska

Krzysztof Janku, e-mail: kwjj@o2.pl

Instytut Środowiska Rolniczego i Leśnego Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Bukowska 19, 60-809 Poznań, Polska

Jerzy Karg, e-mail: turew@poczta.onet.pl

Uniwersytet Zielonogórski, Wydział Biologii, Szafrana 1, 65-516 Zielona Góra, Polska

Jolanta Kowalska, e-mail: J.Kowalska@iorpib.poznan.pl

Instytut Ochrony Roślin – Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Władysława Węgorka 20, 60-318 Poznań, Polska

Maria Oleszczuk, e-mail: oleszczukm@vp.pl

Instytut Środowiska Rolniczego i Leśnego Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Bukowska 19, 68-809 Poznań, Polska

Paweł Sienkiewicz, e-mail: carabus@up.poznan.pl

Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu, Katedra Entomologii i Ochrony Środowiska, Dąbrowskiego 159, 60-594 Poznań, Polska

Dariusz Sobczyk, e-mail: daref@poczta.onet.pl

Instytut Środowiska Rolniczego i Leśnego Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Bukowska 19, 60-809 Poznań, Polska

Hanna Weyssenhof, e-mail: hanna.weyssenhoff@isrl.poznan.pl

Instytut Środowiska Rolniczego i Leśnego Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Bukowska 19, 60-809 Poznań, Polska
Streszczenie

Intensification of agriculture causes the impoverishment of landscape and biological diversity. This is related to the deterioration of the ability to provide ecosystem services by farmland habitats. Maintaining a diversified agricultural landscape structure is crucial for sustainable agriculture. However, till now agri-environmental measures (AES) address this need to an insufficient extent. For example, in Poland AES omit establishing of flower strips (FS) – an effective and widespread method of attracting and supporting many species of insects and spiders, which are natural enemies of crop pests. This environmentally friendly farming technique is practically unknown and unutilized practice in Poland, despite its easy application. The article discusses the species composition of plants in flower strips, fundamentals of FS functioning, and their importance as animal habitats, effectiveness in the reduction of harmful insects, the effect of FS on yield, and legal and organizational aspects of FS in Europe.

 

Intensyfikacja rolnictwa powoduje zmniejszanie się różnorodności krajobrazowej i biologicznej terenów rolniczych. Z tym wiąże się pogorszenie możliwości świadczenia usług ekosystemowych przez elementy krajobrazu rolniczego. Utrzymanie urozmaiconej struktury krajobrazu rolniczego jest kluczowe dla prowadzenia zrównoważonej gospodarki rolnej. Programy rolno-środowiskowe uwzględniają tę potrzebę w stopniu niewystarczającym. Na przykład do tej pory w Polsce programami wsparcia nie jest objęte zakładanie kwietnych pasów (KP) – skuteczna i możliwa do powszechnego zastosowania metoda przywabiania wielu gatunków owadów i pająków – czyli naturalnych wrogów szkodników upraw. Jest to praktyka prawie nieobecna w Polsce pomimo łatwości jej stosowania. W artykule omówiono skład gatunkowy roślin w KP, mechanizmy działania KP i ich znaczenie jako siedlisk zwierząt, efektywność w redukcji owadów szkodliwych, wpływ KP na plon oraz prawno-organizacyjne aspekty zakładania KP w Europie.

Słowa kluczowe

flower strips; IPM; biodiversity; agricultural areas; agri-environmental measures; greening CAP; kwietne pasy; IPM; różnorodność biologiczna; tereny rolnicze; programy rolno-środowiskowe; zazielenienie Wspólnej Polityki Rolnej

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Progress in Plant Protection (2018) : 0-0
Data pierwszej publikacji on-line: 2018-05-18 13:16:26
http://dx.doi.org/10.14199/ppp-2018-014
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