Progress in Plant Protection

Selenium in plants and its effect on feeding and development of phytophages
Selen w roślinach i jego wpływ na żerowanie i rozwój fitofagów

Sabina Łukaszewicz, e-mail: sabina.lukaszewicz@gmail.com

Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu, Wydział Ogrodnictwa i Architektury Krajobrazu, Katedra Fizjologii Roślin, Wołyńska 35, 60-637 Poznań, Polska

Barbara Politycka, e-mail: barpolit@yahoo.pl

Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu, Wydział Ogrodnictwa i Architektury Krajobrazu, Katedra Fizjologii Roślin, Wołyńska 35, 60-637 Poznań, Polska
Streszczenie

Plant organisms are exposed to various biotic and abiotic stress factors, which cause oxidative stress consisting in the imbalance between the formation and removal of reactive oxygen species, causing damage to cell components. It has been observed that the accumulation of trace elements such as arsenic, cadmium, nickel, zinc and selenium is one of the plants defence strategies against phytophages and it is termed as Elemental Defence Hypothesis. Included in the trace elements, selenium is taken up from the soil by plants and included in their metabolism along sulphur transport and transformation pathways. This element in low concentration supports the resistance of plants to various stress factors by affecting the elements of the antioxidant system. Selenium contained in plants can also act on as a deterrent to phytophages or feeding them toxins and disrupting their development cycle.

 

Organizmy roślinne narażone są na działanie różnych biotycznych i abiotycznych czynników stresowych, które powodują stres oksydacyjny polegający na zachwianiu równowagi pomiędzy tworzeniem a usuwaniem reaktywnych form tlenu, powodujących uszkodzenia składników komórki. Zaobserwowano, że akumulacja pierwiastków śladowych, takich jak arsen, kadm, nikiel, cynk oraz selen, stanowi jedną ze strategii obronnych roślin przed fitofagami i jest określana terminem Elemental Defense Hypothesis. Zaliczany do pierwiastków śladowych selen jest pobierany z gleby przez rośliny oraz włączany w ich metabolizm na szlakach transportu i przemian siarki. Pierwiastek ten w niskiej koncentracji wspomaga odporność roślin na działanie różnych czynników stresowych, poprzez wpływ na elementy systemu antyoksydacyjnego. Selen zawarty w roślinach może też działać na żerujące fitofagi deterentnie lub toksycznie oraz zaburzać ich cykl rozwojowy.

Słowa kluczowe

phytophages; trace elements; selenium; plant; toxicity; fitofagi; pierwiastki śladowe; selen; roślina; toksyczność

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Progress in Plant Protection (2020) : 0-0
Data pierwszej publikacji on-line: 2020-05-12 09:49:16
http://dx.doi.org/10.14199/ppp-2020-013
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